Hacking

Hacking culture is something i suppose i had previously had a narrow grasp on as i perceived it to be greasy neck bearded males in their mothers basements cracking website codes and replacing images with pornographic ones for amusement. However from Dimitri’s presentation it brought hacking into a whole new light for me. As i understand it there are three types of hackers: black hats, white hats and the inbetweeners: grey hats. Black hats are the delinquents who infiltrate websites and sometimes ever larger platforms like security servers or even power plants specifically for malicious and destructive activity. White hats are like the white knights of hacking in that they use their knowledge and abilities to infiltrate websites and code to actually fix the problems for employment. Grey hats are somewhere in between.

mla Styles

1. MLA Citation for Books: 

Basic Format: 

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Example with One Author:

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.

Example with Multiple Authors:

Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Logan: Utah State UP, 2004. Print.

“et al.” = And others. This is a method of shortening the citation. Otherwise you can write out the author names in full:

Wysocki, Anne Frances, Johndan Johnson-Eilola, Cynthia L. Selfe, and Geoffrey Sirc. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Logan: Utah State UP, 2004. Print.

Example of Book with No Author:

Encyclopedia of Indiana. New York: Somerset, 1993. Print.

 

2. MLA Citation for Articles:

Peer-Reviewed Journal Article:

Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

Ex:

Bagchi, Alaknanda. “Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi’s Bashai Tudu.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 15.1 (1996): 41-50. Print.

Magazine Article:

Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.

Ex:

Poniewozik, James. “TV Makes a Too-Close Call.” Time 20 Nov. 2000: 70-71. Print.

Newspaper Article:

Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Newspaper Day Month Year: section. Medium of publication.

Ex:

Brubaker, Bill. “New Health Center Targets County’s Uninsured Patients.” Washington Post 24 May 2007: LZ01. Print.

Review:

Review Author. “Title of Review (if there is one).” Rev. of Performance Title, by Author/Director/Artist. Title of Periodical day month year: page. Medium of publication.

Ex:

Seitz, Matt Zoller. “Life in the Sprawling Suburbs, If You Can Really Call It Living.” Rev. of Radiant City, dir. Gary Burns and Jim Brown. New York Times 30 May 2007 late ed.: E1. Print.

3- How do you cite a blog or website using MLA styles?

In order to cite a blog, or website, follow this format.

 

Last name, first name. Title of Article. Associated publication/college/etc., year published. Web. Date of access.

 

For example, a work cited of a blog. Mpm107.wordpresss.com

 

ALXBAL,Wordpress.com, “Exercise-hmtl-5-101.”http://mpm107.wordpress.com/assignments/assignment-2-inclass-research-exercises/exercise-html-5-101/.” Mpm107. N.p., n.d. web. 5 Nov. 2013.

 

 


4- How do you cite a video in MLA styles?

 In order to cite a video, follow this format,

 

Author last name, author first name(optional depending on name, could be nickname). “Video Name”. Source, Date published. Location of where it was found.

 

For example, a work cited of a youtube video. Extreme Homeless Man Makeover part 2

 

VitalyzdTv.” Extreme Homeless Man Makeover Part 2!”.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ce9fWbOt2QA, November 3rd, 2013. Youtube.

 

5. how to cite a lecture mla: begin the citation with the name of the speaker, last name first then comma then first name. Then in quotation marks indicate the title of the lecture if it has one. Next indicate the name of the event or meeting completed with a period. Finally write the institutions name and location of the lecture followed by the date. 

example: Cameron, Ian. “High Renaissance Art.” Art in the Classical Tradition. Ryerson University. Library 72 auditorium. Nov 5th 2013

6.

“MLA Works Cited: Periodicals.” OWL: Purdue Online Writing Lab. Purdue University. Web. 5 Nov 2013. <https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/07/>.

“MLA Works Cited: Books.” OWL: Purdue Online Writing Lab. Purdue University. Web. 5 Nov 2013. <https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/06/>.

On Tue, Nov 5, 2013 at 3:26 PM, Andrew Soares <andrewpsoares@gmail.com> wrote:

 
 

Mightyscwizard, biuealien, Sondra C, Tom Viren and 88 others. “How to Cite a Website (with Sample Citations).”http://www.wikihow.com/Cite-a-Website. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2013.

 

Works Cited Page. “MLA Internet and Multimedia Sources.” http://www.gavilan.edu/library/documents/mla_internet_aug2008.pdf. Web. GGC-dy 8/08

 

http://www.bibme.org/citation-guide/MLA/lecture
“How to cite lectures in MLA bibliographies – Works Cited Style Guide – BibMe.” BibMe: Fast & Easy Bibliography Maker – MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian – Free. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2013.

 

Networks (group)

Aaron

1. A computer network is a telecommunications network that allows for the exchange of data via interconnected computers. Each computer acts as a network note in which content is maintained and exchanged; nodes can be comprised of servers, personal computers or network hardware. The connections that are made between computers are called network links and are created using either cable or wireless media as mediums. The most well known computer network is the internet (“Computer network”).

2. Types of Networks…

Local Area Network – A network that encompasses a limited area such as a home, office, school or computer lab utilizing networking technology – routers, etc. (“Local Area Network”)

Image

Photo from Google Images – hill2dot0.com

Wide Area Networks: A network that encompasses a broad area (ex: citywide, region wide or nationwide)  utilizing private or public access points. Often used in government entities or corporations relaying data to users in a larger geographical area. (“Wide Area Network”)

Image

Photo from – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wide_area_network

Internet: a global system of interconnected computer networks that serves billions of users worldwide. The internet is a “network of networks” that connects millions of private and public networks using a standard Internet Communications Protocol (IP). The networks range from local to global and are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet consists of a “world wide web” (WWW) infrastructure that maintains the flow of information (“Internet”).

Image

Photo from – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet

Intranet: a computer network that shares data within an organization as opposed to the internet that shares information within organizations. Similar to the internet, the intranet utilizes that uses IP technology and connects a variety of networks through nodes, the contrasts lie primarily within the intended access. The term can refer to the organization’s internal website alone, but may also be composed of multiple local area networks containing the organization’s web information infrastructure (“Intranet”).

Image

Photo from – Google Images: internetextranet.blogspot.com

Metropolitan Area Network: a computer network in which two or more geographically separated computers or networks that share data and are connected within the same metropolitan city. A form of wide area network that specifically integrates a city wide information structure.

Image

Photo from Google Images – pulsewan.com

VPN/Virtual Private Network – a computer network that extends a private network across a public interface, such as the Internet. It enables connected computers to send and receive data across public area as if it were directly connected to the private network, benefiting from it’s functionality and security as if it was connected to that network directly.

Image

Photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_private_network

  Lucas Figliuzzi

4. What is the difference between a client and a server?

A client is a system that has access made available to them through a server. Users are able to access this information or service through the client computer. A server is a larger, more powerful computer that is made for connecting and providing other client computers with services and information.

5. What is the OSI model?

The OSI (Open System Interconnection), model that is characterized by 7 layers that serve as a regulation for how a communication system must be paced.

6. Identify 5 different network architectures, explain what each does:

a) OSI Model: Made up of multiple layers that provide what is required to control how data passes through from network to network. There are seven layers including: Application, Presentation, Session, Transport, Network, Data Link, and Physical layers.

b) LAN: A computer network that connects computers and devices that are within a limited range.

c) WAN: A computer network that covers a large area such as a city, province, or country. Providing the area with access and information, connecting smaller networks.

d) WLAN: Stands for Wireless Local Area Network. Provides a network for computers in a close area over a wireless connection

e) MAN: A network that composes of other LANs in a large area and provides them with up-linking to WANs and bigger networks such as the world wide web .

Carlos Sabbah

7: Define and visual explain what the following terms means:

Protocols – Protocols are a set of guidelines and instructions that have to be met by a source/ date across a network, or specifically known as the “server”. For example, if something were to be sent across a server and can be read and understood,  the regulation is accepted. This function allows for a wide spread of network communication from almost anywhere in the world.

TCP/IP – Internet Protocol Suite/ Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol is a protocol that is used initially for the communication through the internet. Providing a set of instructions for communication that can and has to be accepted around the globe does this. These types of protocols are composed of four types of layers: Link, transport, internet, and Application. It is this protocol that allows for the establishment of communication sessions with other computers able to read its process.

FTP – file Transport Protocol is the protocol that depicts the changing of files between specific servers. This is manual transmitted as files are changed across a spam of servers in different areas. With accordance to the four layers, this Protocol falls under the application layer as it emits actions of events and sequences on its own.

HTTP – Hypertext transfer Protocol allows the exchange of hyper text over the world server. Hypertexts are logical links that connect to different series of nodes within a server. URL addresses makes highly the use of this system as it falls under the application layer. Being an application, means it becomes another useful protocol in that, it allows for a whole load of information, data, and codes around the globe in an instant.

Telnet – A network protocol allowing for communication across a network in a form of a virtual connectivity, which basically means that the use of computers are done over a server to help aid someone in need of help. Typically, telnet services provide the command line functions that is used on a server base, and the people who need the help, pay the hacker who fixes what ever the problem is over a server which is significant.

8: What is a Router?

A router is a communication device that allows and provides a hub for local networking. It can be and is directly connected to an external WAN ( Which is Wide area network) and it provides the individual LAN (Which is Local Area network) connectivity. During these communications, multiple computers can be connected to a router and are able to communicate them and transfer data usage on local network or internet without the need of connecting to one another.

9: What is a network firewall?

A network firewall is a network security application that prevents the interruption of outside server sources into a network. Before a person tries to access something they shouldn’t, they must pass whats called a firewall and this is a form of security that discards these kinds of attempts. In order to bypass such security, they must be able to meet the security standards of the firewall which is hard to do unless you are aware of what they are.

Andrew Soares

10: What is the difference between the web and a FTP server?

the main difference is that a web server is just a server that hosts web pages, which includes text, hyper text and other forms of data where as an FTP server is a File Transfer Protocol server which means there is an ability to transfer files by means of uploading as well as downloading.

11: What is an IP address?

IP is an acronym for Internet Protocol, it refers to a string of numbers that pertains to an individual computer that communicates over the network of the internet. This helps with transferring of information of data as it allows the networks and servers being communicated with understand where certain data and information is coming from as well as where to send data/information.

12:How do you transfer files from a computer to a server?

Transferring a file from a computer to a server requires the act of uploading and it also requires an FTP server to upload to. Some servers make it easier to transfer information than others but the standard protocol for uploading files goes as follows:

1. Find the url of the website or server you wish to upload to.

2.Add a network location to ‘My Computer’ where a set up box should appear.

3.choose a “custom network location” and enter in the url found previously.

4.Enter a password if needed, otherwise enter anonymously.

5.Choose a name for your location, and you’re done!

 Work Cited:

 Andrew Soares

http://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet/basics/question549.htm
“HowStuffWorks “What is an IP address?”.” HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File_Transfer_Protocol
“File Transfer Protocol.” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc, n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.

http://www.wikihow.com/Upload-Files-to-an-Ftp-Server
“How to Upload Files to an Ftp Server: 10 Steps (with Pictures).” wikiHow. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.

Lucas Figliuzzi

http://www.differencebetween.net/technology/difference-between-client-and-server/”>http://www.differencebetween.net/technology/difference-between-client-and-server/

“Difference Between Client and Server” Differencebetween.net. n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSI_model

“OSI Model” wikipedia.com n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_architecture

“Network Architecture” wikipedia.com n.d. 30 Web. Oct. 2013

Carlos Sabbah 

“Wide area network.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 26 Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.

“Internet protocol suite.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 28 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.

“Telnet.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 30 Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.

“File Transfer Protocol.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 28 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.

“Hypertext Transfer Protocol.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 23 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.

“Local Area Network.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 27 October 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_area_network&gt;.

Aaron Labbe

“Computer Network.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 24 October 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_network&gt;.

“Local Area Network.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 27 October 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_area_network&gt;.

“Wide Area Network.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 26 September 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wide_area_network&gt;.

“Internet.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 25 October 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet&gt;.

“Intranet.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 16 October 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intranet&gt;.

“Metropolitan Area Network.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 14 September 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_area_network&gt;.

“Virtual Private Network.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 29 September 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_private_network&gt;.

“Peer-to-Peer.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation, Inc., 24 Oct 2013. Web. 30 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peer-to-peer&gt;.

“Networking Basics: Peer-to-Peer vs. Server-based networks.” TechNet. Microsoft, Inc.. Web. 30 Oct 2013. <http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc527483(v=ws.10).asp&xgt;.

http://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet/basics/question549.htm
“HowStuffWorks “What is an IP address?”.” HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File_Transfer_Protocol
“File Transfer Protocol.” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc, n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.

http://www.wikihow.com/Upload-Files-to-an-Ftp-Server
“How to Upload Files to an Ftp Server: 10 Steps (with Pictures).” wikiHow. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.

 

The Library

The Ryerson university library is a great source for online resources or printed resources as opposed to google or google scholar which only has online resources available. The Ryerson university library is also a good resource for finding archives and peer reviewed articles. Theres are certain tricks to using the online Ryerson library to help find results that better pertain to what the user was trying to search. For example using quotation marks around phrases or groups of words to keep them grouped while searching for results that will better resemble what had initially been searched. Also when searching you can look for information in different categories, for example: articles, ebooks and peer reviewed articles. Also using words such as ‘and’ or ‘or’ also helps specify what you are searching for and will better suit the search to your needs. This is different than using google to search because its difficult to find scholarly information unless you are using google scholar.

Remix Culture

Kelly’s presentation on remix culture brought the idea of remixing into a whole new perspective for me. This is because i had previously thought that remixing could only refer to a song being mixed again by another artist, henceforth the name ‘remix’. However the idea of remixing seems much more expansive and open ended than that. As I understand it remixing is any collaboration between two artists where one creates an idea or product and the other artists either alters it to fit their own perspective on the idea or product, or created another rendition of the initial concept once again to fit their own style of creating. This can be done in any medium of art whether it be music, visual art or even dramatic art to dance i suppose.